Samoyedic peoples

Samoyedic peoples include Nenets, Enets, Nganassans and Selkups.
Samoyed languages are languages of the Uralic language family which are spoken by Samoyedic peoples inhabiting northern parts of Eurasia in Russia.
Samoyed languages include:
Nenets language (31 311 speakers) with two main dialects which are often considered separate languages:

  • Tundra Nenets – endangered language in the Nenets and Yamal-Nenets Autonomous Regions and in the Taimyr region of Krasnoyarsk Krai
  • Forest Nenets – seriously endangered language in the Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Region

Enets language (119 speakers) – disappearing language in North Siberia’s Taimyr autonomous region at the Yenisei river, with two main dialects: Forest Enets and Tundra Enets, which are usually considered separate languages.
Nganasan language (505 speakers) – seriously endangered language in Siberia’s Taimyr peninsula.
Selkup language (1641 speakers) – seriously endangered language in Western Siberia between Ob and Yenisei rivers.
Kamassian language – extinct language (last speaker Klavdiya Plotnikova died in 1989)
Mator language – Samoyed language that became extinct at the beginning of the 19th century. Its dialects were Taigi and Karagassian.
Koibal language – Samoyed language that became extinct at the beginning of the 19th century. May have been a dialect of the Kamassian language.

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