- Estonia commemorates the victims of mass deportations of 1949From March 25-28, 1949, more than 90,000 people across the Baltics, including more than 20,000 in Estonia, ranging from infants to the elderly, were forcibly removed from ...25.03.20
- Estonia nominated dugout boat to UNESCO´s List of Intangible Cultural HeritageOn March 19, Estonia’s minister of culture Tõnis Lukas signed the application to nominate “Building and use of expanded dugout boat in Soomaa region” to UNESCO list of ...24.03.20
- Attention: Work process changes put in place due to COVID-19Due to the spread of the coronavirus (COVID-19) in Estonia, the team of the VIII World Congress of Finno-Ugric Peoples shall, where possible, be working from home. We are ...13.03.20
- Estonian government declares emergency situation against coronavirusThe Estonian government has declared an emergency situation in connection with the global novel coronavirus pandemic and the likelihood that the virus may spread locally. ...13.03.20
- The Finns celebrate Kalevala DayToday, on the 28th of February is Kalevala Day, marking the anniversary of the publication of Kalevala, compiled by Elias Lönnrot (1802-1884) from Finnish and Karelian ...28.02.20
Baltic-Finnic peoples speak Baltic-Finnic languages of the Finno-Ugric language family. Baltic-Finnic languages are further divided into two groups based on their geography and language features.
Southern group of Baltic-Finnic languages
This group includes Estonian, Votian and Livonian languages. According to some viewpoints this group also includes the South-Estonian language which in turn includes Seto and Võro languages that traditionally have been considered dialects of the Estonian language.
Northern group of Baltic-Finnic languages
This group includes Finnish, Izhorian, Karelian and Vepsian languages.
Dialects or Not?
Often Livvi Karelian and Ludic Karelian are considered separate Baltic-Finnic languages. In Sweden, Meänkieli – a type of Finnish spoken in Northern Sweden – has been recognized as a minority language since 2002. Norway has also recognized since 2005 the Kven language (kainun kieli) as an official minority language, having previously considered it a dialect of Finnish.
Estonian and Finnish have the status of national languages. Of other Baltic-Finnic languages, Livonian, Vepsian, Karelian, Livvi Karelian and Võro have written languages. Publications are also issued in Meänkieli, Kven, Seto and Votian languages but comprehensive written language standards have not been developed for these languages.