- WASHINGTON POST: Life, death and preserving tradition on an Estonian island of only a few hundred peoplePhotographer Jeremie Jung’s “Kihnu, the Estonian Isle of Traditions” is a photo documentary project about an island inhabited by only 500 people in the Baltic Sea. It is ...04.11.19
- Minister of Culture Tõnis Lukas sent greetings to Finnish and Hungarian ministers on Pan-Finno-Ugric DayToday, 19 October, Pan-Finno-Ugric Day is celebrated in appreciation of the culture and languages of the Finno-Ugric peoples. The ongoing Estonian Finno-Ugrian Days 2019 ...19.10.19
- “Did you eat the whole cake?” – a learners experience on studying EstonianDEEP BALTIC: Estonian has been described as the most difficult Latin-alphabet language for English-speakers to learn. Its fourteen cases, abundance of vowels and ...12.09.19
- Helsinki Central Library Oodi chosen as the best new public library in the worldOODIHELSINKI.FI: On Tuesday 27 August Helsinki Central Library Oodi was chosen as the winner of the 2019 Public Library of the Year award in the World Library and ...29.08.19
- The 6th international conference “Livonica. Livonian language, history, cultureThe Livonians, though one of the smallest nations in Europe, have had a significant role in the languages, history, and culture of the Baltic Sea region, while also ...26.08.19
Baltic-Finnic peoples speak Baltic-Finnic languages of the Finno-Ugric language family. Baltic-Finnic languages are further divided into two groups based on their geography and language features.
Southern group of Baltic-Finnic languages
This group includes Estonian, Votian and Livonian languages. According to some viewpoints this group also includes the South-Estonian language which in turn includes Seto and Võro languages that traditionally have been considered dialects of the Estonian language.
Northern group of Baltic-Finnic languages
This group includes Finnish, Izhorian, Karelian and Vepsian languages.
Dialects or Not?
Often Livvi Karelian and Ludic Karelian are considered separate Baltic-Finnic languages. In Sweden, Meänkieli – a type of Finnish spoken in Northern Sweden – has been recognized as a minority language since 2002. Norway has also recognized since 2005 the Kven language (kainun kieli) as an official minority language, having previously considered it a dialect of Finnish.
Estonian and Finnish have the status of national languages. Of other Baltic-Finnic languages, Livonian, Vepsian, Karelian, Livvi Karelian and Võro have written languages. Publications are also issued in Meänkieli, Kven, Seto and Votian languages but comprehensive written language standards have not been developed for these languages.